That's the conclusion of a study being released Thursday that examined DNA extracted from Neanderthal bones more than 35,000 years old."
I read this article saying to myself, well duh, haven't they read Jean M. Auel's The Clan of the Cave Bear and the Earth's Children series? Her book includes relations between the neanderthals and modern man. If you haven't read that series, I highly recommend it!
Check out the NPR article on the subject here: "Hey Good Lookin': Early Humans Dug Neanderthals" by Joe Palca.
Notice that one of the geneticists mentioned in the article is now working at UC Santa Cruz. Yeah Santa Cruz!